DruSiLa: an integrated, in-silico disease similarity-based approach for drug repurposing

The importance of faster drug development has never been more evident than in present time when the whole world is struggling to cope up with the COVID-19 pandemic. At times when timely development of effective drugs and treatment plans could potentially save millions of lives, drug repurposing is one area of medicine that has garnered much of research interest. Apart from experimental drug repurposing studies that happen within wet labs, lot many new quantitative methods have been proposed in the literature. In this paper, one such quantitative methods for drug repurposing is implemented and evaluated. DruSiLa (DRUg in-SIlico LAboratory) is an in-silico drug re- purposing method that leverages disease similarity measures to quantitatively rank existing drugs for their potential therapeutic efficacy against novel diseases. The proposed method makes use of available, manually curated, and open datasets on diseases, their genetic origins, and disease-related patho-phenotypes. DruSiLa evaluates pairwise disease similarity scores of any given target disease to each known disease in our dataset. Such similarity scores are then propagated through disease-drug associations, and aggregated at drug nodes to rank them for their predicted effectiveness against the target disease.
Tipo pubblicazione
Altri Autori
Pratuat Amatya, Paola Stolfi, Flavio Lombardi, Paolo Tieri